The Chandigarh city is located in north of India and surrounded by three states Punjab, Haryana, and Himachal Pradesh. The Chandigarh city is situated in a picturesque setting under the foot of Shivalik Hills at a height of 365 meters above the sea level. Geographically its boundaries are defined by two seasonal rivulets – the Patiali ki Rao and the Sukhna choe.
Chandigarh covers an area of approximately 114 km². and shares its borders with the states of Haryana in the south and Punjab in the north. It has an average elevation of 321 meters (1053 feet).
The surrounding districts are of Mohali, Patiala and Ropar in Punjab and Panchkula and Ambala in Haryana. The boundary of the state of Himachal Pradesh are not too far from its north.
The government is a major employer in Chandigarh with three governments having their base here. A significant percentage of Chandigarh’s population therefore consists of people who are either working for one of these governments or have retired from government service. For this reason, Chandigarh is often called a “Pensioner’s Paradise”.
Chandigarh has the largest number of vehicles per capita. Wide, well maintained roads and ample parking space all over the city, make it convenient to use private vehicles for local transport.
Public buses run by the Chandigarh Transport Undertaking (CTU), an undertaking of the Chandigarh Administration, provide local transport as well as inter-state transport services. People prefer to travel on their own private vehicle and generally there are more than one vehicle in a household making Chandigarh the largest number of vehicles per capita city in India.
Chandigarh Transport Undertaking has introduced Grid Transport System in Chandigarh on local routes to reduce the traveling time by the passengers.
Chandigarh Tourism ‘Hop on Hop Off’ double-decker bus
Touring Chandigarh has been made more user-friendly with the special ‘Hop on Hop Off’ double-decker bus. A complete whole trip costs Rs25 (without getting on or off) and lasts an hour and covers the major places of Chandigarh like the secretariat, rock garden, rose garden, Sukhna lake etc. It runs in the summer from 9.30am-6.30pm and in the winter from 10am-5pm. It leaves from the parade ground in sector 17.
The Chandigarh Traffic Police oversees the implementation of the traffic rules, and is widely credited for a fairly orderly traffic system. The traffic police is very efficient in implementing traffic rules and keeps a strict vigil on offenders.
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